What is neuroplasticity? Types of Neuroplasticity
We are discuss here types of neuroplasticity. First we have to get knowledge about what is Neuroplasticity! Neuroplasticity also known as neuronal plasticity or brain malleability is the ability to change and reorganize neurons according to environmental. Experimental, social, physical changes and more serious injuries. Types of neuroplasticity is below.
The ongoing process of brain change, of “reorganizing” neural circuits. And receiving new attitudes or thoughts is what is called neuroplasticity.
Neuroplasticity does not only occur in people with severe neurological damage. This process occurs all the time, in all people around the world! It is an involuntary process in our body and very beneficial for our daily lives.
In order to illustrate this, we can consider an experiment carried out by the scientist Pascual-Leone. The experiment consisted of blindfolding adults with healthy vision for five days. At that time blindfolded people lived and acted like blind people, reading Braille and performing auditory discrimination activities.
Types of Neuroplasticity
There are 5 types of neuroplasticity: axon, dendritic, somatic, synaptic and regenerative. Let’s understand each of them:
This is the original (and greatest essential) plasticity of mind improvement. Come about in the middle of 0 and 2 years of age. Learn about types of neuroplasticity.
Within axon plasticity, there is a critical period. Which is the moment, when there is more action of neuroplasticity in the central nervous system. It occurs in children, as it is the stage where there are more discoveries about life. The environment and their own body.
Characterized by changes in size, length, disposition and density of dendritic spines. Dendritic plasticity occurs mainly in the early stages of development. Dendritic spines are the “threads” that make the connection and transmission of information between neurons. Learn about types of neuroplasticity.
The axon is the tail of the neuron and the dendrites are the “twigs”. That are located both at the head of the neuron and at the end of the axon. They are the ones who receive and release the neurotransmitters, which make the actual communication between neurons. While the rest of the neuron transmits the message electrically.
It refers to the ability to regulate the proliferation and death of nerve cells. This is a capacity present only in the embryo’s nervous system, and is not influenced by the external environment.Learn about types of neuroplasticity.
It is equivalent to the ability of synapses to strengthen or weaken in response to external and internal stimuli.
It is the regeneration of affected axons. It has greater action on the peripheral nervous system, which is responsible for connecting the central nervous system with other parts of the human body.
How we use our brain? Types of Neuroplasticity
Each part of our brain is responsible for different biological functions, such as seeing, feeling, breathing, hearing, reasoning and moving. In case of damage in any of these areas. The brain changes (that’s where neuroplasticity comes in) to try to recover and supply the need. For example: when we watch TV, our brain needs to coordinate our vision, hearing, touch and still process all the information you receive while watching. Learn about types of neuroplasticity.
How the Nervous System works? Types of Neuroplasticity
To realize exactly how neuroplasticity happens. It is essential to explore in what way the nervous system workings and its particular fragments.
The nervous system is composed of two sets: the Central Nervous System (CNS) and the Peripheral Nervous System (PNS).
Central Nervous System (CNS)
The CNS is made up of the brain and spinal cord, being made up of millions of neurons.
They are the main cells of the nervous system, which are responsible for transmitting nervous stimuli or synapses. It is believed that an adult may have about 86 billion neurons in their brain. Neurons are the only cells in the human body that do not multiply. But undergo changes in order to meet needs. Learn about types of neuroplasticity.
It is the means of communication between neurons. Synapses are the transmission of nerve impulses between one neuron and another. Every time we learn something new, feel something never felt before. Even gain new knowledge about the world or ourselves, the synapses between neurons are strengthened. Learn about types of neuroplasticity.
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
The SNP is made up of the nervous system outside the brain and spinal cord. And is the way the CNS makes contact with the whole body. Types of neuroplasticity
It is through the SNP that the CNS can respond to various stimuli. Such as: when your hand touches something very hot. The SNP takes the information (through synapses in neurons) to the CNS, which will act by removing quickly your hand from the spot. This is a procedure that takings place in milliseconds.
When does neuroplasticity come into play? Types of Neuroplasticity
It is an ability to change the brain rather than a disease; it occurs daily and cannot be avoided. However, neuroplasticity occurs more in people who have suffered some neural damage and need more changes.
Some conditions that stimulate neuroplasticity can be:
- Stroke (CVA);
- Cerebral Vascular Accident (CVA);
- Perforation of the brain;
- Major traumas;
- Personality changes;
- Changes in feelings;
- Behavior changes;
- New learnings;
- Some time learn to read or write;
- If you like Learn to play a musical instrument;
- Learn a new language;
- Change of job;
- Rehabilitation of addictions and addictions.
Everything listed above makes our brain work by activating neuroplasticity. And there are many other stimuli that man hasn’t even been able to list.
The 10 Fundamentals of Neuroplasticity Types of Neuroplasticity
Dr. Michael Merzenich raises 10 fundamentals of neuroplasticity. Let’s meet them:
- To make a change , your brain needs to be in a “good mood”. Try to be always active, your brain needs to be motivated, controlled and ready for action;
- The more you try, the more motivated and alert you are, and the better (or worse) the result, the greater the change in your brain: Both for the worse and for the better, the more focused your brain is, the further you will get . Willpower is required;
- What really changes in the brain is the strength of the connections between neurons together. The more you practice the action, the stronger the synapses become. Regularity is fundamental;
- Changes focused on learning improve cooperation between cells, which is crucial to avoid relapses. Your cells have to work together, because the more cells involved. The stronger the possibility of change, avoiding relapses to old habits. Learn about types of neuroplasticity.
- The brain strengthens the connections between sets of neurons that represent separate moments of successive activities. This means that the brain is able to create an associative “current”, rather than processing things separate from each other. Without it, our activities and memories would be like standing puddles instead of a flowing river.
- Initial changes are temporary: To make a change permanent. Your brain needs to judge whether this action actually gives you an advantage. And then make the change permanent. If you really want something: persevere!
- The brain is altered by mental rehearsal in exactly the same way. And involving the same processes that control changes achieved through interaction with the inner world. The brain confuses reality with what is imagined, so it activates synapses with the simple act of imagine the action. So it is not always necessary to perform the action, but rather imagine it. Learn about types of neuroplasticity.
- Memory guides and controls learning. Our brain keeps in memory its attempts with good results and discards the not so good ones, and progressively improves.
- Each learning process provides the brain with an opportunity to stabilize and reduce irrelevant attitudes. Replacing bad ones with good ones: When changing a habit, new paths are created, and old ones are erased. This change erases acts considered irrelevant. Learn about types of neuroplasticity.
- Brain plasticity is a two-way street; It’s easy to generate both negative and positive changes. Be aware of what you really want, negative changes can be developed with the same skill as positive ones.