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Moderate dehydration symptoms,definition,cause and treatment

Moderate dehydration symptoms

Do you want to know about moderate dehydration symptoms,definition,treatment and more? Read this full article for details about moderate dehydration symptoms.

Dehydration affects all populations in the world. The danger is all the more present when dehydration affects young children and the elderly. In addition, these are the developing countries most affected. Diarrhea, vomiting, dry mouth are all visible signs of dehydration.

What Is Dehydration?Moderate dehydration symptoms

Definition of dehydration

Dehydration is not a “disease” strictly speaking; it is a physiological state with more or less important consequences. This physiological state then results from a consequent decrease in fluid within the body. Dehydration can be due to malnutrition, or even severe diarrhea.

This liquid, in quantity less than normal, in the case of a state of dehydration, consists mainly of water and mineral salts.

Dehydration can affect anyone, but special care should be taken in young children and the elderly.Read more about moderate dehydration symptoms.

Causes of Dehydration Moderate dehydration symptoms

Diarrhea, the main consequence of dehydration, is caused by:

  • A lack of hygiene;
  • Malnutrition, especially with regard to “water-rich” foods;
  • Contact and / or hydration with contaminated water.

Bacteria can be the cause of diarrhea, such as Cyanobacteria, Salmonella, Shigella or even E.Coli. But also viruses, such as Rota-virus. These living organisms, responsible for a diarrhea state, are easily transmitted from one individual to another, particularly by handling or even by ingesting contaminated water or food. Read more about moderate dehydration symptoms.

People Affected By Dehydration Moderate dehydration symptoms

Dehydration is most widely present in developing countries. This fact stems from the lack of access to drinking water or the lack of basic sanitation. The global prevalence associated with diarrhea pathologist is nearly 1.5 million children.

This state of dehydration can affect everyone, regardless of age, gender or even where they live. Nevertheless, the elderly as well as children and infants are categories of people to be considered with more attention.

Indeed, with regard to the elderly, they sometimes have more difficulty in hydrating themselves regularly, especially in periods of strong heat. For children, during growth, the consequences of dehydration are more serious than in adults. In this sense, promoting hydration in these categories of people is essential.

When diarrhea is not treated immediately, it can be dangerous. Indeed, the loss of water and mineral salts can have significant consequences in the functioning of the organism (vital organs, muscles, brain, etc.), and even more so in the growing child or even in the elderly, whose body is weakened.

To avoid worsening dehydration, it is important to maintain consistent hydration, i.e. close to 1.5 L of water per day. Read more about moderate dehydration symptoms.

 Moderate dehydration symptoms

Dehydration is related through certain specific signs, in particular:

  • less need to urinate;
  • The absence of tears;
  • Dry tongue, dry lips and skin;
  • A “grayish” skin;
  • A depression of the fontanel (soft part of the infant’s skull);

Diarrhea s, vomiting, are the most demonstrative signs.

The diarrhea’s linked to a state of dehydration are common in children and infants. In addition, they are generally scarce and of short duration. In any other case, it must be considered with care, in order to avoid any more serious consequences.

Other symptoms can also accompany this diarrhea state: fever, loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, stomach aches or abdominal cramps.

The presence of blood in the stool is evidence of severe dehydration; this is the most alarming condition. Read more about moderate dehydration symptoms.

In the elderly, symptoms of atypical dehydration moderate dehydration symptoms

In the elderly, the feeling of thirst is often delayed and not very marked, which the cause of often severe dehydration is. It is necessary to think of beginner dehydration in the presence of:

  • Loss of appetite;
  • A tiredness unusual;
  • A drowsiness unusual;
  • A little fever …
  • If dehydration is not compensated for quickly by getting enough water, it can get worse quickly. Read more about moderate dehydration symptoms.

In Infants under Two Years of Age, Specific Symptoms Of Dehydration

In infants, water loss can be very rapid, leading to weight loss of 10 or even 15%. It is necessary to be vigilant and especially before the age of 6 months because the fragility of the infant is maximum at this age.

It is therefore important to know the signs of infant dehydration and to see your doctor immediately if you’re infant:

  • Is unusually listless and sleeps a lot;
  • Is difficult to wake up and moans;
  • Has unusual behavior;
  • Is pale and has dark circles in the eyes;
  • Breathe quickly;
  • Continues to vomit despite ingestion of oral re hydration solutions (ORS);
  • Has a weight loss of more than 5%;
  • Has depression of his fontanels located on the upper part of the skull (they mark the hollow of the finger). Read more about moderate dehydration symptoms.

Risk Factors Associated With Dehydration

The risk factors for dehydration are, of course, insufficient recommended daily hydration (about 1.5 L of water per day). But also a state of malnutrition, consumption of food and / or water contaminated with bacteria or viruses that can cause diarrhea.

Despite a personal lack of hydration, handling and the oral route are therefore the two main routes of transmission of the risk of diarrhea. Read more about moderate dehydration symptoms.

Treatments and Prevention of Dehydration

In order to limit any risk of bacterial or viral transmission, it is therefore highly recommended to adopt hygiene rules: wash food well, wash your hands well after going to the toilet, and do not drink the water if it is this is not drinkable.

In addition, it is advisable to drink between 1.5 L and 2 L of water per day. This recommendation varies in particular according to individual physical and sporting practices, the presence of certain underlying pathologist or the seasonal period.

The disease is treated mainly and mainly by re hydration. In order to limit the worsening of water and mineral salt losses, it is recommended to drink and eat as normally as possible.

In the case of dehydrated infants, there are then oral re hydration solutions, prescribed for severe diarrhea. When these diminish, it is advisable to feed the child little by little, with formula or solid foods.

If the symptoms persist over time, then it is important to contact the doctor promptly. But also if blood is visible in the stool, if the diarrhea is accompanied by fever and a body temperature above 38.5 ° C. Read more about moderate dehydration symptoms.

What To Do About Signs Of Dehydration?

With dehydration, it is important to assess the severity of symptoms, recognize when to call an emergency room, and know what action to take when dehydration is mild.

How To React In Case Of Severe Dehydration?

This is an emergency. Be especially vigilant if dehydration affects an infant, elderly or chronically ill.

Call the emergency medical number by dialing 15 or 112. Over the phone, the regulator asks questions to assess the person’s medical condition. Read more about moderate dehydration symptoms.

When You Are In Communication With The Regulator;

  • Speak Calmly And Clearly;
  • Give Your Phone Number;
  • Give Your Name And That Of The Patient;
  • Indicate The Exact Location And Address, As Well As The Floor And Any Access Code;

Describe as precisely as possible the symptoms that alerted you (weight loss, presence of fever,), the time of onset, the mode of onset of symptoms and their evolution (stabilization, worsening);

Inform your interlocutor of the treatment and possible illnesses of the dehydrated person;

Do not hang up until asked. The regulator may need other information or can give you instructions, for example on what to do while waiting for the mobile medical team. Center 15 will also be responsible for informing the reception service of the hospital if hospitalization is planned.

In the event of dehydration considered serious, the person is hospitalized and the losses of water and mineral salts are compensated by infusion, if necessary.

In the absence of elements of gravity, the regulator advises to consult the doctor on duty or the attending physician. Read more about moderate dehydration symptoms.

What to Do In Case Of Moderate Dehydration In An Adult Or A Big Child? Moderate dehydration symptoms

When dehydration is less severe, take re hydration measures and monitor the dehydrated person.

Follow these guidelines:

  • Lay the Person Down;
  • Undress Her;
  • Refresh It By Applying Damp Cloths;
  • Fan It;

Compensate for its losses in water and salt: give it to drink frequently and more than usual, in particular drinks containing enough sugar and salt (sugary water, salted vegetable broths). Read more about moderate dehydration symptoms.

What to Do In Case Of Moderate Dehydration In An Infant?

Compensate for water and mineral salt losses and monitor

Apply these gestures:

Compensate for its loss of water and mineral salts with oral re hydration solutions (ORS). These sweet and savory drinks are easily accepted by infants up to two years old. On the other hand, slightly older children appreciate their taste less. Never re hydrate your child with pure water and exclusively sugary drinks;

  • Weigh Your Baby To Monitor Weight Gain;
  • Take His Temperature Regularly ;
  • Count The Number Of Bowel Movements And Vomiting If This Is The Cause Of Dehydration;
  • Count The Number Of Bottles Drunk And The Volume Of Liquid Absorbed;
  • Monitor Their Behavior And The Progress Of Dehydration Because The Child’s Condition Can Quickly Worsen;

In the absence of rapid improvement, consult your doctor: he will give dietary advice and treat the cause of dehydration. Read more about moderate dehydration symptoms.

How to Use Oral Re hydration Solution (ORS) In Children?

ORS comes in powdered sachets. They are available in pharmacies. On prescription, they are covered by the Health Insurance for infants and children under 5 with acute diarrhea.

To use oral re hydration solution (ORS):

  • If you are breastfeeding, continue breastfeeding as usual and offer ORS between feeds.
  • If your child drinks powdered milk, replace that milk with ORS. After 4 to 6 hours maximum, reintroduce the usual milk and give her ORS between bottles as long as the risk of dehydration persists.
  • If your child is eating a variety of foods, keep the same foods. Read more about moderate dehydration symptoms.

To administer it:

To start, offer your child ORS several times an hour and in very small amounts, gradually increasing the doses.Then let him drink the ORS at will, depending on his thirst, as long as the risk of dehydration persists.

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