Summary: If you suffer from a gum abscess wisdom tooth, regardless of its location in your mouth and the degree of your pain, you must make an appointment with your dentist doctor as soon as possible. Indeed, this type of gum abscess wisdom tooth infection can quickly lead to serious complications: tooth loss, destroyed bone, sinus infection.
Do you want to Know about gum abscess wisdom tooth Definition,Reason and treatment? And how to relieve pain while waiting to go to the dentist. We suggest you consult this complete guide dedicated to dental abscesses. And know that to prevent this type of inconvenience, it is essential to adopt irreproachable oral hygiene on a daily basis and to consult your dental office at least once a year.
Definition OF Gum Abscess Wisdom Tooth
Tooth abscess is a formation of pus, directly related to an infection of a tooth or an infection of the gum tissue. This mass of pus is located inside the tooth; it is generally diffuse in neighboring areas: gums and bones.
There are two types of Gum Abscess Wisdom Tooth:
Periodontal abscess, this abscess is localized in the gum, it mainly affects patients with pathologist related to the gum and thus suffering from loosening of their teeth. It is also possible to see this type of abscess localized towards the wisdom teeth , and directly linked to the development of the latter.
The apical abscess, this abscess is rather dental; it is due to bacterial proliferation in the nerves of the tooth.
A dental abscess can be responsible for severe pain as well as many symptoms such as:
- swelling of the area, the gum, the mouth or even the face;
- inflammation of the glands in the neckline;
- abnormal fatigue and sleep disturbances;
- a fever ;
General discomfort with the usual functions of the mouth: opening the mouth, chewing, swallowing, moving the tongue, hypersensitivity to hot and cold as well as to certain foods, or even an unpleasant taste in the mouth.
Gum abscess wisdom tooth Symptoms
If you notice one or more of these symptoms, it is very likely that you have a tooth abscess. Do not ignore these signs and consult your dentist or doctor as soon as possible.
- Sharp pain: it is felt continuously, sometimes with an impression of throbbing or pulsation. The dental pain is more intense when chewing at the affected tooth. In some cases it can spread to the cheek, or even the whole face and neck. A strong sensitivity to hot and cold can also be felt.
- Pain in the jaw with difficulty opening your mouth
- Swelling in the mouth, even the cheek and face: inflammation is often accompanied by more or less extensive swelling
- Swelling and redness: on the gum or at the level of the tooth, the abscess swells and becomes darker in color than the surrounding tissue
- Ball of pus , a swelling that can be felt with the tongue: in the mouth, if the abscess has “matured”, it takes on a whitish color and can become fragile to the point of cracking. The pus then drains. Which is often synonymous with some relief.
- Bad taste in the mouth: it is caused by the discharge of pus in the mouth, which may get mixed with blood.
- Bad breath: bad breath is the consequence of the discharge of pus.
- Difficulty swallowing and drinking: Generally, difficulty swallowing results from damage to the lymph nodes by the infection.
The abscess is also often accompanied by fever. Sleep may be disturbed and severe fatigue is felt.
WHAT ARE THE RISKS ASSOCIATED WITH TOOTH ABSCESS?
A tooth abscess is not to be in use casually. The moments and problems can be very serious.
It is possible when the infection is severe and untreated to develop periodontists, which is infection of the bone and its breaking up. In this specific case, the tooth falls out or is removed during treatment at the dentist.
When the infected teeth are the molars, not treating the abscess risks infection of the ducts with pus. However, the channels of the molars are located at the level of the sinuses. Thus, the sinuses can then become infected with pus.
When the infection is more serious, lymph nodes are likely to appear in the lower jaw. In addition, little by little, the pus will spread to soft tissues such as the tissues of the cheek, gum tissue, skin and muscles. This is then called infectious cellulitis. In this particular case, the pus will eventually create an exit channel on the gum or even on the skin of the face. (Know more about gum abscess wisdom tooth).
The most serious cases of infection observed are:
Infection with pus and bacteria from the heart valves, bacteria spread through blood vessels. The moments in this case can be serious.
Ludwig’s angina, it remains localized in the mouth, but can cause obstruction of the airways, and therefore cause death by suffocation.
Developing a brain abscess is rare, but has happened before. The bacteria are spread in this case, through the veins. The patient is usually in a coma. It is for all these reasons that it is very important to consult your dentist at the first symptoms. (Know more about gum abscess wisdom tooth).
HOW DOES TOOTH ABSCESS OCCUR?
The tooth abscess is a bacterial infection with pus accumulation located at a tooth or gum. Often, tooth abscess is a complication of untreated tooth decay.
This can progress to the tissue located in the center of the tooth (or “pulp”) and trigger:
- Infection with bacteria.
- an abscess, if the origins influence the end of the tooth foundation. It can affect the whole of the pulp.
Untreated decay: main cause of gum abscess wisdom tooth
Very often, abscesses occur after advanced dental caries in people who do not visit their dentist regularly, because they dread the consultation. Indeed, one in four people dread visiting the dentist for fear of pain. The “fear of the dentist”, an indirect cause of tooth abscess. Practitioners take these fears into account very well. In addition, thanks to advances in dentistry, they now perform treatments that are often painless.
Other causes of gum abscess wisdom tooth
The dental trauma: after a shock (recent or not), the pulp of the tooth can be destroyed. At times the dead tissue turns out to be diseased and this reasons an abscess.
Injury or disease of the gums: In the event of injury or disease of the gums, bacteria can develop between the tooth and the tissues around it, causing an abscess. (Know more about gum abscess wisdom tooth).
An infection of a wisdom tooth: in the lower jaw, the crown (visible part) of a wisdom tooth (third and last permanent molar that appears after the age of 18) is sometimes covered with tissue that become infected. Food residues and germs can get lodged between the tooth and the tissues and generate a tooth abscess
How To Treat A gum abscess wisdom tooth?
Whatever the form of the abscess, its location in the mouth and the intensity of the pain, it is essential to treat the infection as soon as possible. Depending on the severity of your symptoms, make an emergency visit to your dentist or have you taken directly to the nearest hospital emergency room. Because an abscess can spread to nearby organs and cause serious accidents. (Know more about gum abscess wisdom tooth)
To treat the tooth abscess, the dentist will perform drainage and curettage of the abscess. That is, it flushes out the pus and then cleans the cavity. This sanitation is essential to prevent the proliferation of new bacteria. Pain medications, such as analgesics, are also prescribed.
And to relieve the pain of an abscess while waiting for it to be treated, here are some tips about gum abscess wisdom tooth:
- Using a mouthwash.
- Apply a numbing gel.
- Make a mouthwash based on essential oils . For this, favor essential oils made from cloves, a naturally analgesic and antibacterial spice.
- Make a mouthwash with baking soda . Just dilute half a teaspoon of baking soda in a glass of water and then gargle it.
- Place a clove between the gum and the cheek and keep it there for a few moments. You can also steep some cloves in boiling water. Once cooled, use this infusion like a mouthwash.
- Respect good oral hygiene: despite the abscess, continue to brush your teeth every day, preferably twice a day. Do not put too much emphasis on the painful area and use a toothbrush with soft bristles.Know more about gum abscess wisdom tooth.
Prevent gum abscess wisdom tooth
Wash your teeth three times a day and have an effective brushing that is to say precise brushing using a toothbrush changed regularly, preferably flexible.
Regular dental check-ups for gum abscess wisdom tooth (twice a year for children and once for adults). The opportunity to check the absence of cavities, to check the condition of the gums and to do a regular scaling in order to completely eliminate dental plaque and prevent it from turning into tartar. This irritating deposit rich in germs promotes gum disease and the formation of cavities. Know more about gum abscess wisdom tooth.
Reduce or stop the consumption of tobacco, which promotes periodontics.
Watch your diet for gum abscess wisdom tooth. Too acidic, food promotes enamel demoralization. To avoid: citrus juices, but also carbonated drinks. Too sweet, food promotes the formation of bacteria. And for good reason: the bacteria that live in your mouth feed mainly on sugars. They break them down into acids and, little by little, tooth enamel is attacked until cavities appear.