Causes of ebola and more
Do you want to know about the causes of ebola: Definition, causes of ebola, symptoms Prevention, treatment, and Ebola vaccine.
Definition: What Is The Ebola Virus? causes of ebola
The Ebola virus belongs to the family of filoviruses, simple RNA, with the characteristic filamentous appearance ” explains Dr. Nied. It is one of the four families of viruses responsible for hemorrhagic fevers.
Ebola hemorrhagic fever is one of the most virulent since death occurs within two weeks for the majority of cases, ie 50 to 90% of patients. Read more about the causes of ebola from here.
Where Does Ebola Come From? Causes of ebola
The Ebola virus was identified in 1976 in a village in the Congo. The intervening doctors were astonished to see several deaths following a febrile episode in a digestive hemorrhagic syndrome. They managed to individualize this virus which they named Ebola from the small river near the village concerned. Read more about the causes of ebola from here.
In the Congo “explains Dr. Nied. War, trade flows, and transhumance then contributed to the spread of the virus to surrounding countries. Bats are probably the first natural hosts for the virus.
“These small fruit bats infected with the virus lived in forest areas not occupied by humans. Their droppings, which fell on the plants, in turn, contaminated other animal species (monkeys, antelopes), consumed by the locals. But there, the meat is seized at temperatures below 70 degrees. Which does not allow the virus to be killed “explains Dr. Nied. Read more about the causes of ebola from here.
Causes of ebola
The disease Ebola virus (formerly known as Ebola fever) is caused by a virus highly contagious. The virus is not transmitted during the incubation period. Without symptoms, the person is therefore not contagious. Read more about the causes of ebola from here.
Ebola virus disease was first discovered in 1976 during two major epidemics in Sudan. The Democratic Republic of the Congo. Since then, more than 20 epidemic outbreaks have appeared in Central Africa.
This virus takes its name from a river flowing in the Republic of Congo. The Ebola virus belongs to the Filoviridae family. In 40 to 80% of cases, this disease is fatal. The 2014 – 2015 epidemic (which started in West Africa) affected 28,400 people. And was responsible for 11,300 deaths, it is the largest epidemic to date. Read more about the causes of ebola from here.
Transmission of ebola: causes of ebola
Ebola epidemics are the result of secondary human-to-human transmission. All bodily fluids are contaminants: saliva, sweat, droppings, urine, sexual fluids. ” In Africa, epidemics are very virulent. Read more about the causes of ebola from here.
Because of the very strong social promiscuity. Houses without individual rooms, meals shared in a single dish, very concentrated family habitat.
As soon as a person is affected, he radiates viruses and contaminates very quickly the people of the entourage “. Local funeral rites have largely contributed to the spread of the disease. The body is in direct contact with the relatives of the deceased, greatly increasing the risk of transmission. Read more about the causes of ebola from here.
Symptoms of ebola: Causes of ebola
The incubation period varies between two and twenty-one days with an average of eight days.
Symptoms of Ebola virus disease are: Read more about the causes of ebola from here.
- The onset of sudden fever;
- Severe fatigue;
- Severe headaches;
- Irritation of the throat;
- Internal and external bleeding;
- Kidney and liver failure;
- Skin irritations;
The first symptoms look like flu-like symptoms: high fever (39/40 °), great fatigue, intense weakness, muscle pain, headache. ” Then, after 4 to 5 days, the specific symptoms appear:
- Profuse diarrhea,
- Skin rashes “explains the doctor.
- Renal and/or hepatic impairment
- Conjunctival, oral, and/or digestive hemorrhage. Read more about the causes of ebola from here.
Incubation Time of ebola: Causes of ebola
The incubation period can range from 2 to 21 days, but is
Consequences and risks of complications
Profuse diarrhea and bleeding can cause severe dehydration, kidney failure, neurological disorders, dementia. And in 50-90% of cases, death on day 8 or 9. ” For people who survive, the complications can be numerous. Read more about the causes of ebola from here.
Rheumatic sequelae pain, ophthalmic pain with loss of vision, renal complications (insufficiencies), neuropsychiatric complications (semi-paralysis). And psychiatric disorders linked to the fact that they brought death, “says Dr. Niel.
Diagnostic of ebola: Causes of ebola
The diagnosis of Ebola infection can be made using blood tests (serology) or oral samples. In Africa in an endemic period. The detection of the virus thanks to examinations is of course much more difficult due to the lack of efficient laboratories. Read more about the causes of ebola from here.
What To Do: What Treatments To Treat Ebola? Causes of ebola
” When a person is diagnosed, the first goal is to get them through the acute period of infection. There is currently no effective treatment for the virus, so it’s all about treating the symptoms, ” says Dr. Nied. Read more about the causes of ebola from here.
Rehydration, antibiotic therapy, antipyretic, rehydration, restart kidney function, eye drops, moisturizing ointment, paracetamol is then administered depending on the symptoms.
” It is also essential to restore the level of potassium. The imbalance of which caused by dehydration can cause heart problems up to death. ” Specifies the doctor. Isolation of the person is essential, ideally in a negative pressure chamber. Read more about the causes of ebola from here.
Exams of ebola: Causes of ebola
The diagnosis must be confirmed by laboratory tests. These tests allowing the identification of the virus are carried out in a hospital environment in a national reference center. The patient must be isolated to avoid any risk of contamination. Read more about the causes of ebola from here.
Ebola vaccine: Causes of ebola
A vaccine has been found by American and Japanese laboratories, with the first vaccine trials in 2015/2016. This vaccine received its Marketing Authorization (MA) in November 2019. Read more about the causes of ebola from here.
Prevention of ebola:
When traveling to a country where the virus circulates, it is recommended to:
- Respect basic hygiene rules by washing your hands frequently with soap or a hydro-alcoholic solution;
- Avoid close contact with people with a high fever;
- Avoid contact with dead animals;
- Do not eat or handle bushmeat.
“We are already starting to advise against tourism in certain more sensitive regions. ” Then, for people exposed to areas of contagion, there are many barrier gestures:
- Wash your hands very regularly with soap and water,
- Absolutely avoid contact with infected people
- Do not touch your eyes and mouth, two entry points for the virus.
Continue to be very careful until 7 weeks after recovery, during which the patient can remain contagious. It is also essential to cook meat well. For a long time and at temperatures above 70 °, in order to kill the virus.
Year Of The Ebola Pandemic
The largest Ebola epidemic began in Guinea in December 2013, gradually spreading to Liberia and Sierra Leone. There will also be about twenty cases and 8 deaths in Nigeria. 8 cases and 6 deaths in Mali. 4 cases and one death in the United States. And finally a cured case in Senegal, Spain, the United Kingdom, and Italy.
This is the first time that this virus has circulated outside the African continent. The official WHO toll is 28,000 cases for 11,000 deaths and more than 10,000 survivors with sequelae. But it seems that this toll has been underestimated. And that the number of deaths is rather of the order of 20 thousand.